Westminster Larger Catechism

196. What doth the conclusion of the Lord’ s prayer teach us?

The conclusion of the Lord’ s prayer, 1which is, For thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, for ever. Amen. 10Matt. 6:13 teacheth us to enforce our petitions with arguments, 2Rom. 15:30 which are to be taken, not from any worthiness in ourselves, or in any other creature, but from God; 3Dan. […]

181. Why are we to pray in the name of Christ?

The sinfulness of man, and his distance from God by reason thereof, being so great, as that we can have no access into his presence without a mediator; 11John 14:6, Isa. 59:2, Eph. 3:12 and there being none in heaven or earth appointed to, or fit for, that glorious work but Christ alone, 12John 6;27, […]

182. How doth the Spirit help us to pray?

We not knowing what to pray for as we ought, the Spirit helpeth our infirmities, by enabling us to understand both for whom, and what, and how prayer is to be made; and by working and quickening in our hearts 14although not in all persons, nor at all times, in the same measure those apprehensions, […]

183. For whom are we to pray?

We are to pray for the whole church of Christ upon earth; 16Eph. 6:18, Ps. 28:9 for magistrates, 171 Tim. 2:1–2 and ministers; 18Col. 4:3 for ourselves, 19Gen. 32:11 our brethren, 20James 5:16 yea, our enemies; 21Matt. 5:44 and for all sorts of men living, 221 Tim. 2:1–2 or that shall live hereafter; 23John 17:20, […]

184. For what things are we to pray?

We are to pray for all things tending to the glory of God, 26Matt. 6:9 the welfare of the church, 27Ps. 51:18, Ps. 122:6 our own 28Matt. 7:11 or others, good; 29Ps. 125:4 but not for any thing that is unlawful. 301 John 5:14

185. How are we to pray?

We are to pray with an awful apprehension of the majesty of God, 31Eccl. 5:1 and deep sense of our own unworthiness, 32Gen. 18:27, Gen. 32:10 necessities, 33Luke 15:17–19 and sins; 34Luke 18:13–14 with penitent, 35Ps. 51:17 thankful, 36Phil. 4:6 and enlarged hearts; 371 Sam. 1:15, 1 Sam. 2:1 with understanding, 381 Cor. 14:15 faith, […]

187. How is the Lord’ s prayer to be used?

The Lord’ s prayer is not only for direction, as a pattern, according to which we are to make other prayers; but may also be used as a prayer, so that it be done with understanding, faith, reverence, and other graces necessary to the right performance of the duty of prayer. 48Matt. 6:9, Luke 11:2

189. What doth the preface of the Lord’ s prayer teach us?

The preface of the Lord’ s prayer 49contained in these words, Our Father which art in heaven, 55Matt. 6:9 teacheth us, when we pray, to draw near to God with confidence of his fatherly goodness, and our interest therein; 50Luke 11:13, Rom. 8:15 with reverence, and all other child-like dispositions, 51Isa. 64:9 heavenly affections, 52Ps. […]

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